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Terme di Caracalla

Rome | Architecture - History
Price
€4 - €8
9 522 Votes
Presentation
In your experience in the territory of Ostia you cannot leave out/omit/miss to visit the Archaeological Park of Ostia Antica, one of the largest archeological sites of ancient Rome. The colony was founded between the end of the fifth century and the beginning of the fourth century BC as a ‘castrum’, a rectangular fortified citadel. Initially, it served as a naval base under the control of a Roman quaestor and then, from the second century, because of its increasing importance for trade and for the food supply of Rome, it began to expand.

Under the Emperor Augustus and his successors, the city was provided with a theatre, a first forum and an aqueduct, but it was the construction of the port of Claudius, and especially that of the port of Trajan, which further increased its importance as an administrative center for trade. After the middle of the third century, the city began to decline as a result of its gradual moving away from the coast and the silting up of the river, that was no longer navigable.

The first excavations of Ostia were undertaken under Pope Pius VII at the beginning of the nineteenth century, continued under Pius IX and after the Unification continuous researches, carried out in view of the Universal Exhibition of 1942, brought to light an area of 34 hectares against the 50 hectares that were probably built in ancient times.

Today excavations are located close to the town of Ostia Antica. For a more detailed description of the excavations, paper guides are available at the ticket office. Not far away you can visit the beautiful and picturesque village: entering the ancient door you will find yourself immersed in an atmosphere of past times. On the little square you will find the church on one side, and, on the opposite side, the castle of Julius II and the old town in all its splendor, built in the ninth century by Gregory IV to give shelter the workers employed in the salters. It was this pope who started the fortification of the settlement.
Hours

09:00 - 19:15

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Other information

Contact details

  • Name: Terme di Caracalla
  • Address: via delle Terme di Caracalla, 52 - 00179 - Rome - Italie
  • Phone: (39) 06 5717451

Activities

Visite guidée

Getting there

  • By bus : lignes n°118, 160, 628
  • By metro : igne n°B (Circo Massimo)

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